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人教版高中英语必修五+Unit+2+The+United+Kingdom+period+5+教案2.doc

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Unit 2 The United Kingdom 第二单元的知识点: 1. unite vi. & vt. 联合;团结 adj. united 一致的,统一的;团结的,和睦的 adv. unitedly 团结一致地;联合在一起地 n. unity 团结;一致;联合;个体 v. uniting 使团结;使联合;使结婚(unite 的现在分词) Care must be taken to unite with all those that can be united with. 必须注意团结一切可以团结 的人。 2. consist of = be made up of consist of 无被动和进行时态由…组成 consist of 由…构成 consist in 在于;存在于 consist with 符合;与…一致 What will life consist of on other planets? 在其他的星球上,生命将由何组成? They always consist of a single, inlined region. 它们始终有单一的、内联的区域组成。 3. devide:①v.(常与 in, into 连用)分开;划分 The Nile divides near its mouth and forms a delta. 尼罗河在靠近河口的地方分开,形成一个三角洲。 Let’s divide ourselves into several groups. 我们分成几个小组吧。 ②v.(常与 out 连用)分;分食 Children, divide the cake up between / among you. 孩子们,你们把这个蛋糕分了吃吧。 ③v. 除 15 divided by3 is 5. 3 除 15 等于 5。 Three will not divide into eleven. 3 除不尽 11。 [归纳发展] 辨析:divide 与 separate separate 意指为相隔的和保持相隔的;(把联合在一起或靠近的人或物分离出来) divide 暗示通过或好像通过切开、劈开或分割形成几部分、几份额或几份;这个词经常用来 指分离成相对的或敌对的组。(把整体分为若干部分) The child’s parents have separated. 这个孩子的父母已经分居了。 We divided the orange into segments. 我们将橘子分成几瓣。 be divided into 被分为…… be separated from 与……分隔 4.clarify ['kl? r?fa?]v.澄清 Adj. clarified 澄清的;透明的 n. clarity 清楚,明晰;透明 clarification 澄清,说明;净化 v. clarified 阐明(clarify 的过去分词形式);澄清 He issued a statement to clarify the situation. 他发表了一项声明以澄清形势。 5.accomplish [?'kɑmpl??]v.完成 adj. accomplished 完成的;熟练的,有技巧的;有修养的;有学问的 完成的;可达成的 accomplishable 可 n. accomplishment 成就;完成;技艺,技能 accomplish nothing 一事无成;一无所成 It'll require indomitable will to accomplish the task. 完成这项工作需要百折不回的毅力。 6. conflict['kɑnfl?kt] n.矛盾 adj. conflicting 冲突的;相矛盾的;不一致的 v. conflicting 冲突;争执(conflict 的 ing 形式) in conflict with 和…冲突 conflict with 冲突;与…抵触 in conflict 有矛盾;不一致 conflict of interest 利益冲突;公职人员对公众义务与其本身利益相冲突 conflict resolution 冲突解决;冲突消除 The hours of those two exams conflict. 那两门测验的钟点互有抵触。 7.unwilling [?n'w?l??]adj.不愿意(的) adv. unwillingly 不情愿地;勉强地 n. unwillingness 不愿意;不情愿 To judge by the paper, the administration is unwilling even to think about this. 根据这份报告判断,本届政府对这个问题连想都不愿意想。 8. break away (from) [要点提示] ①从……逃脱,挣脱;逃离 The prisoner broke away from the two policemen who were holding him. 犯人从两名警察的看护中逃了出去。 ②摆脱;放弃;脱离(团体、组织等) an innovative musician who broke away from the classical tradition. 一位摆脱古典传统的革新派音乐家。 [归纳拓展] break down 分解;(机器)坏掉,发生故障;(健康)垮掉 break away from 从……摆脱,逃脱 break into 强行闯入 break up 解散,终止,结束 break in 插嘴 break out 发生,爆发(不及物) break through 突破,突围 单项选择 ①News reports say peace talks between the two countries ______ with no agreement



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